The Propaganda Movement: 1880-1895
First published in 1997, this revised edition of John N. Shumacher, S.J.'s book is a study of Filipino nationalism in the period just before the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution in 1896. Given the conditions of Philippine society then, the effective contact with European liberalism and nationalism and fruitful cross-fertilization towards a Philippine nationalist ideology were bound to take place largely outside the Philippines. Yet, the ultimate steps, as Jose Rizal came to realize and Andres Bonifacio was to prove, had to be taken in the Philippines. Without the work of the Propagandists, there could have been a revolt in 1896, but there would not have been the Revolution.
Ateneo de Manila University Press, Philippines
First printing, 1997; Second printing, 2000;
Third printing, 2002; Fourth printing, 2009
Softcover / 9 x 6 inches / 333 pages / BW